The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial
organ of the United Nations (UN). It was established in June 1945 by the
Charter of the United Nations and began work in April 1946.
The seat of the Court is at the Peace Palace in The Hague
(Netherlands). Of the six principal organs of the United Nations, it is
the only one not located in New York (United States of America).
The Court’s role is to settle, in accordance with
international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States and to give
advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized United
Nations organs and specialized agencies.
The Court is composed of 15 judges, who are elected for terms
of office of nine years by the United Nations General Assembly and the
Security Council. It is assisted by a Registry, its administrative
organ. Its official languages are English and French.