UNDP is committed to achieving workforce diversity in terms of gender, nationality and culture. Individuals from minority groups, indigenous groups and persons with disabilities are equally encouraged to apply. All applications will be treated with the strictest confidence.
UNDP does not tolerate sexual exploitation and abuse, any kind of harassment, including sexual harassment, and discrimination. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks.
Poverty and social exclusion generate scars that are extremely difficult to overcome over time. Evidence shows that children growing up in poverty and social exclusion are less likely than their better-off peers to do well at school, to enjoy good health or to realise their full socioeconomic potential later in life. In addition, young people are less resilient in the labour market and particularly exposed to economic crises, while in-work poverty hits harder low-skilled workers and single parents. Other groups such as Roma and Egyptians experience the most severe poverty and social exclusion. All this, in the backdrop of an ageing population due to the combined effect of increasing life expectancy, reduced fertility and emigration.
Well intending laws and regulations have often been approved and institutions have been established in Albania’s prolonged transition, only to come to the conclusion that their financial effects were not properly calculated and provided for. In some cases, the roots of these shortcomings stem from issues carried from the old communist regime, whereas others such as certain social protection and active labour market mechanisms have suffered from the lack of attention and prioritisation eventually leading up to inadequate financing.
This joint programme proposal aims to provide technical assistance and work with the government to identify and integrate in the national budgetary framework more equitable and adequate financing for SDGs. Building on the work already done on SDGs (MAPS, VNR in 2019), the three main PUNOs (UNDP, UNICEF and ILO) along with UN WOMEN and UNPFA will closely work with Ministry of Finance and Economy, Ministry of Health and Social Protection, the Parliament of Albania and other key institutions to ensure that institutional capacities at national and local level are supported to develop feasible solutions and identify fiscal space to progressively increase SDG-related spending for women, men, boys and children in Albania. The programme will contribute to achieve the following specific results:
- A national strategy for financing comprehensive social protection floors is developed, discussed nationally and ready to be integrated in the MTBG through national and social dialogue.
- Feasible options are identified and agreed with Government Authorities to address unfunded mandates at the local level and articulate adequate financing options.
- Innovative approaches and tools (tax benefit micro-simulation based on EUROMOD – the tax-benefit microsimulation model for the European Union; behavioral insights) and other mechanisms are developed to pilot and evaluate the impact of fiscal policies
- Public institutions’ capacities are enhanced to articulate, implement and review resilient budgets that reflect increasing SDG related spending.
In view of advances in data collection, management and analysis it has become increasingly easier to work on various scenarios that could be achieved via certain fiscal mechanisms or reforms. The use of innovative tools to measure the impact of intended policies will be one of the main outputs of this programme. Some of these mechanisms are computer-based programming whereas some require outreach and social experimenting i.e. behavioural insights. Albanian statistics offers a wealth of data that are seldom put in good use for policy-oriented research. Albania is undergoing demographic changes, national and international migratory movements. Microsimulations are getting international exposure to many countries such as Canada, Australia, USA, Norway as internationally established analytical instruments
One the other hand, the complexity and interconnectedness of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) require novel approaches, methodologies, strong data systems, and institutions that would have the capacity to provide ‘out of the box’ solutions to the problems faced by the global community. Behavioural experimentation is one of the ways to induce innovative thinking both in public service and the private sector. In cooperation with the Ministry of Finance and Economy, General Department of Taxation as well as the Agency for the Delivery of Integrated Services Albania the nudge approach will be tested for a specific challenge that will be agreed with the government. As such, UNDP is seeking to hire a national consultant for innovation in policy design, who will coordinate and provide technical inputs in these processes.
 Evidence on Demographic and Social Trends Social Policies' Contribution to Inclusion, Employment and the Economy, EC, 2013