UN Women, grounded in the vision of equality enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations, works for the elimination of discrimination against women and girls; the empowerment of women; and the achievement of equality between women and men as partners and beneficiaries of development, human rights, humanitarian action and peace and security. Placing women’s rights at the center of all its efforts, UN Women will lead and coordinate United Nations system efforts to ensure that commitments on gender equality and gender mainstreaming translate into action throughout the world. It will provide strong and coherent leadership in support of Member States’ priorities and efforts, building effective partnerships with civil society and other relevant actors.
Its 2017-2020 Strategic Note and other UN joint commitments that support the Government’s five-year Ethiopian Growth and Transformation Plan II (GTPII) guide the work of UN Women Ethiopia Country Office (ECO). UN Women ECO with its health and gender programme works closely with the UN H6 partnership within the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) and through joint programmes. Since 2018, UN Women ECO intensified its engagement in Gambella focusing on Gender Equality and Women Empowerment interventions.
Using its comparative advantage, working on gender equality and through women’s empowerment to address the barriers preventing women, children and adolescents from demanding and realizing their rights to Sexual, Reproductive, Maternal, New-born, Child and Adolescent Health (SRMNCAH) services, UN Women is conducting this gender barrier analysis of available legal and policy frame works on Sexual, Reproductive, Maternal, New-born, Child and Adolescent Health (SRMNCAH) rights and service access to women and girls in humanitarian settings in Ethiopia.
UN Women ECO is starting the implementation of Women’s Empowerment in Sexual, Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health (SRMNCAH) rights programme in humanitarian settings in the Horn of Africa Region (POWER Programme) funded by the Austrian Development Agency (ADA). The POWER Programme will contribute to UN Women’s overall goal of every woman, every child, every adolescent girl; everywhere demands her rights to quality SRMNCAH services, particularly in humanitarian settings.
Ethiopia is signatory to most of international laws and commitments related to gender equality and women empowerment but there are still challenges in the implementation of these laws and commitments at a country level. Women in Gambella, like in the rest of Ethiopia, are negatively affected by compounded socioeconomic, cultural, psychological and infrastructural issues that directly contribute to the low access of SRH service which is one of women and girls basic human right. The lack of access to SRH services has multifold impact on women among these health, socioeconomic and psychological influences are few among overriding negative impacts. Early, Child and forced marriage, polygamy, communal perception on having more children, unawareness of the role of women in deciding the numbers of children and inheritance marriage are some of the most common problems both in refugee camps and host communities. According to the 2016 Ethiopian Demographic Health Survey (EDHS), 11 percent of married women during the survey period has reported that their husband has multiple wives. Similarly, Gambella region stands the second next to Somali region with 21 percent women reported living in polygamous marriage.
These problems are also among the very common types of SRH service hindering problem in Gambela and it is unique from other part of the country that prohibit women not to participate on decisions making and need permission from their partner to access ANC, Family planning and PMTCT services from health facility. Overall, 46 percent of women do not have the likelihood to receive messages related to Family Planning and the total demand for family planning among sexually active unmarried women and currently married women is 85 percent and 58 percent respectively. According to Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS), Institutional deliveries have increased from 5 percent in 2000 to 10 percent in 2011, and 26 percent in 2016. During the same period, home deliveries decreased from 95 percent in 2000 to 90 percent in 2011, and 73 percent in 2016. While women are major contributors to the domestic economy and responsibilities, they have limited access to resources and cannot own property or assets (denial of resource) which is one among the main GBV types. Women are also overburdened with chores (fetching water, firewood collection, preparing food and cleaning) and caring for their families, often neglecting their own health or having limited time or resources to access health services. According to Ethiopian Demographic Health Survey 2016, 48 percent of women do not have education at all and only 35 percent and 12 percent of women have attained primary and secondary school respectively. Similarly, only 0.7 percent of women in Gambella have completed secondary school. In addition, 74 percent of women do not have access to any form of media access and information.
To ensure that women, children and adolescents have equal access to reproductive health, it is necessary that existing gender biases in the social, cultural, institutional, legal and economic structures had addressed. This will be achieved through conducting gender barrier analyses of national and local legal, policy and budgetary frameworks for SRMNCAH and improving institutional capacities to identify gender-related barriers for women to access services in humanitarian settings. The efforts build on UN Women’s existing work in the humanitarian context that focusses on eliminating all forms of violence against women and girls through a multipronged approach and through addressing gender norms and stereotypes thereby also improving sexual, reproductive, and maternal health and rights for women and girls. The analysis of frameworks will complement ongoing efforts to inform programming around SRMNCAH.
To this end, UN Women ECO is planning to carry out a Gender barriers analysis of SRMNCAH related legal and policy frameworks in Ethiopia and assess its use in the humanitarian settings. The analysis results will be used to ensure gender equality and through women’s empowerment to address the barriers that are preventing women, children and adolescents from demanding and realizing their rights to SRMNCAH services and seek to achieve establishment of rights-based national and local SRMNCAH frameworks
Under the supervision of the UN Women EVAWG Programme Specialist, the National Consultant is responsible collecting relevant data and information, designing and conducting Key informant interview and FGD, reviewing existing policy and legal frame works on SRMNCAH and assessing their linkage to the humanitarian settings.
SCOPE OF WORK AND SPECIFIC TASKS
The scope of the assessment is Federal level with specific focus in Gambella are the geographic scope of the assessment. Necessary data and information might be collected from local authorities in Gambella, selected civil society organizations and groups of women from Gambella and federal to understand the barriers related to legal and policy frameworks of service availability and access of SRMNCAH service and policy and legal frameworks that favor women and girls’ access to SRMNCAH service.
Gender barriers analysis of SRMNCAH related legal, policy and budgetary frame works in Ethiopia and assess its use in the humanitarian settings.
The analysis will include different data collection methods which comprise; literatures and documents review from existing secondary data sources on the subject matter and assessing their linkage to humanitarian settings. Design and conduct Key informant interview and FGD to collect relevant data and information and analysis of available legal and policy frame works of Sexual, Reproductive, Maternal, New-born, Child and Adolescent Health (SRMNCAH) rights in humanitarian settings in Ethiopia.
EXPECTED OUTPUTS AND KEY DELIVERABLES
The National consultant will be responsible for the following tasks during she’s/his appointment period.
Interested applicants must submit
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